Hospital Pharmacist Jobs

Hospital Pharmacist JobsHospital jobs and positions for pharmacists in clinical settings are becoming lucrative opportunities as a clearer job market future emerges in the pharmacy profession. As discussed previously, the 2018 pharmacist job statistics clearly indicated that there would be a shift over the next decade from retail to hospital employment opportunities for pharmacists, plus a significant surge in the demand for RPh’s in all hospital, clinical and institutional settings.

As documented by the latest US Department of Labor (Bureau of Labor Statistics), currently around fifty-eight percent (58%) of all pharmacists work in a retail job or community drug store environment. What’s truly important to note, however, is that this is well down from the 65.2% reported almost a decade ago back in 2010. Meanwhile approximately twenty-six percent (25.8%) of all US pharmacists now work in jobs that are located in a hospital, clinical or home health settings. Once again, what’s truly important to take note of is the fact that, while retail pharmacist jobs dropped, hospital pharmacists rose to almost twenty-six percent (25.8%) in 2018 as compared to around twenty-three percent (23.2%) that was seen back in 2010.

The predicted shift is being fueled by hospitals and Health Care Systems and major hospitals pursue the enormous and lucrative specialty pharmacy dispensing revenues. In 2018, a staggering twenty-percent (20%) of hospitals owned a specialty pharmacy. Compare that with the fact that only three years prior in 2016 less than nine percent (9%) of hospitals owned a specialty pharmacy.

What Do the Pharmacist Job Statistics Predict?

These US Department of Labor statistics clearly indicate that the current trends are not an anomaly and that outcome will continue to be towards an increasing percentage of new jobs for the hospital sector and its practitioners. The latest USDL statistics reported that there will be a very small or minimal increase in the expansion of retail pharmacy jobs seen over the next ten year period (estimated at less than 1%), and that the retail job market for pharmacists will become rather stagnant. On the “flip side” is the the prediction that there will be well over a ten percent (10%) expansion in the number of hospital jobs for pharmacists seen over the next decade. Several medical employment and staffing experts are even predicting that a thirteen to fifteen percent (13-15%) increase is not unrealistic.

Why Shift From Retail to Hospital Pharmacy Job?

Hospital pharmacists historically were paid salaries that were lower (sometimes significantly) when compared to the salaries for retail, community, independent and chain store pharmacy positions. Now the reverse of this is being seen. Factoring in various parameters such as the longevity of being in a position, the skills required for the position and the duties being performed by the pharmacist on staff, plus certain geographical considerations, hospital pharmacist salaries now surpass those of most retail pharmacist jobs. Plus, hospital pharmacies also offer a wide range of areas for both advancement and growth that simply cannot be found in the retail pharmacy business environment.

Basically it is simply a matter of the old economic rule of supply and demand. While the total supply of pharmacists is increasing, the demand is shifting to skilled hospital RPh’s and jobs in specialized positions. The increase in supply is due in part to both the increased number of students graduating with RPh degrees, plus the decreased number of active pharmacists retiring. The number of pharmacy graduates has significantly increased as the number of pharmacy schools has increased. In the late 1980’s there were a total of only 72 accredited pharmacy schools in the nation. As reported by the AACP (American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy) there now exists a total of 130 accredited pharmacy schools offering a B. S. in Pharmacy degree in the United States. Additionally, as the average age of retirement continues to increase (from previously about 62 years of age to over 70 years old now), fewer vacant job positions and openings are becoming available to be filled.

If YOU Are Considering Switching From Retail To Hospital Pharmacy

If you are currently thinking about your own future in the pharmacy profession and considering a switch or transition from a retail to a hospital setting, please take a moment to consider the following:

– In some states additional licensure requirements are required for certain hospital, clinical and nursing home positions. Using Florida as an example, to become the Director of Pharmacy in a hospital or work as a consulting pharmacist in a nursing home, a Consulting Pharmacist licence is additionally required. In Florida, as specified in Rule 64B16-26.301, an RPh must successfully pass an exam after taking an approved twelve hour course, plus then must work under a preceptor for three consecutive months to be evaluated and assessed (within one year of passing the exam). Additionally, the pharmacist must obtain a minimum of forty training hours, of which sixty percent (60%) must take place onsite at an institutional or hospital pharmacy holding a permit.
– The hospital pharmacy environment is not the “slow paced” job that many of us as pharmacists remember from the “good old days”. Perhaps it really never was. Today’s hospital pharmacy positions are conversely a fast paced work environment that require a high energy level and extended periods of concentration and focus.
– Hospital hours can be a major negative to many RPh’s lifestyles. This is especially true for new employees that are typically hired to work on the “graveyard shift” in order to get a position at a hospital (in order to get their “foot in the door”). Remember that a hospital never closes, even on major holidays (although this is also true for many large chain drug stores as well these days).
– Although you may think that switching from a retail pharmacy job means no longer having to deal with sick patients and difficult customers who are always in a hurry to get their prescriptions, keep in mind that doctors, nurses and other various members of the hospital’s health care team can also sometimes be extremely difficult to deal with.
– Certain hospital pharmacy activities (such as preparing IV solutions, infusions and other sterile medications in a Laminar-Flow Hood) can be very taxing on an individual. Pharmacists who have back pain or problems sometimes find that positions like this are extremely hard to work at for long periods of time.
– Keeping current is hard in clinical settings. Changes in hospital pharmacy occur more quickly than elsewhere. It is essential that the hospital pharmacist continuously read clinical journals, articles and continue getting education and training on a regular basis.

How Can You Prepare to Switch From Retail to Hospital Pharmacy?

For a more in depth discussion of how to get yourself ready to switch from a retail to a hospital pharmacy career, please visit our previous post on Tips for Pharmacists Switching Jobs. Here are some of suggestions that you may want to consider trying:
1. Take or attend a Continuing Education class that covers information in the areas of hospital or clinical settings that may be of interest to you.
2. Attend a hospital pharmacy conference. There are numerous national and state hospital pharmacy organizations that offer annual conferences. Examples include the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP), the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists (ASCP) and the American College of Clinical Pharmacy (ACCP).
3. Do some job “shadowing”. “Test drive” the job before you make a decision to actually switch. Find pharmacists in your area who practice in a hospital setting. See if job “shadowing” is allowed and perhaps spend some time at their place of work to experience what a typical day can look like at their job.
4. Read. Sometimes simply reading about a particular job setting or environment can help you get a better picture of what the job really is all about.

Who Can Help You Make A Switch?

If you are seriously considering making the change from retail or community pharmacy to hospital or institutional pharmacy, HCC can help you to “boost” your chances for success. Healthcare Consultants Pharmacy Staffing has been known as a full service pharmacy staffing company since 1989. With all the services that we provide to both pharmacies and pharmacists, it it sometimes easy to overlook the fact the we are one of the nation’s most successful and respected pharmacy staffing, pharmacist recruitment and direct hire firms in the pharmacy employment area. Pharmacy staffing and job placement have been our primary business now for over 30+ years. If you are a pharmacist looking to switch to a new position or area of practice, we urge you to talk with us. With positions immediately available, contact us today online or call us at 800-642-1652 to get started.

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Emergency Relief Pharmacists

relief pharmacists in FL, GA, AL, NC, SC, TXEmergency relief pharmacists are always in demand, but the recent announcement last week in California that over 1,400 Pharmacy Practice Exams were invalidated is already having a “ripple effect” regarding the profession’s ability to meet emergency needs. The students that were impacted make a valid point that many have lost job opportunities and money because of the exams being invalidated. Many students are facing repayment of their student loans coming due before they’re able to afford repaying them. Yet on the “flipside” of the story is the effect this situation has on numerous employers like pharmacy owners and managers. It’s important to always keep in mind that in situations such as these the end result can be a possible shortage of pharmacists available to do temporary and relief work in some emergency situations.

Temporary Relief Pharmacists in Emergencies

Needing temporary pharmacists during emergency situations can sometimes pose what seems like insurmountable obstacles to the pharmacy owner and manager. Last year in 2018 the hurricanes in both Texas and Florida had triggered discussions with several HCC clients regarding various scenarios and situations that can occur when an emergency relief pharmacist can be of critical importance to your drugstore even being open for business. Because a pharmacy can not legally be open for business without a registered pharmacist on duty, sometimes the pharmacy owner or store manager is faced with the dilemma of finding a pharmacist quickly or having to close the pharmacy’s doors and shut the business down until a pharmacist can be found.  Emergencies such as the severe weather that accompanies a hurricane can prevent a pharmacist scheduled to work a certain shift from returning safely from evacuation if it’s required. This also applies if the pharmacist was on vacation and severe weather leads to the closing of airports that will simply impede or delay his or her return to work.

Additionally, the death of a family member, personal illness, accidents and other unforeseen events can lead to emergency situations that can force a pharmacy to shut down. This not only results in lost business, but can cause severe stress and frustration to loyal customers and patients who rely on the pharmacy being open for their medications and health needs. This can be even more critical in rural communities and small towns where sometimes only one pharmacy is open and operates. With no pharmacists to rely on for “back-up”, emergencies from not having a registered pharmacist available can quickly turn into an escalating crisis for an entire community.

Why Use a Pharmacy Staffing Agency?

In the past it was often the case that a pharmacist’s co-workers would simply fill in when needed to. To cover for an illness, vacations and situations like a death in the family, all of the other pharmacists simply worked overtime or called their friends to fill in. Yet for several reasons this has shifted to the utilization of pharmacy staffing agencies and staffing firms over the past decade.

The first reason is that several recent studies have linked long shifts and hours worked by pharmacists to severe increases in medication errors. In one study published by the National Association of Pharmacy Regulatory Advisers (NAPRA) it was noted that “pharmacists who are overburdened and understaffed present a very real threat of harm to the patients who depend on them”. Another study performed at the Houston Methodist Hospital documented that an exponential relationship can be seen between a pharmacist’s workload and working long shifts to an alarming increase in medication dispensing errors. Some states are even considering legislation over the past several years regarding setting limits on how many hours per shift and hours a week that a pharmacist should be allowed to work.

The second reason cited for the shift to using pharmacy staffing agencies is that overworked pharmacists have been shown to “burn out” and to quickly develop a negative attitude toward their profession. A great article in Pharmacy Times noted that excessive overtime, long shifts and being on-call constantly, all contribute to the extremely high rate of “burn out” seen in the pharmacy profession. The result is that more and more pharmacists are choosing not to work part time jobs or do relief work any longer.

Lastly is the expense and cost. By using a pharmacy staffing agency for relief pharmacists, the pharmacy can save on all of the following:
– Hiring expenses and the time required
– HR expenses such as criminal background checks, license verification, drug screening and paperwork
– Payroll taxes
– Accounting expenses
– Insurance
– Overtime pay
Some accounting experts estimate that all of the above expenses can add up to an increase of over 60% per hour when compared to hiring a pharmacist on staff paid by the hour.

Choosing an Emergency Pharmacy Staffing Agency

As with all other vendors, choosing the right pharmacy staffing agency is critical. You want one that is not too small as to be geographically constrained and that has a limited number of viable pharmacists that meet your specific needs. You also want one that is not too large and therefor is not service oriented when dealing with a “smaller” clients immediate needs.

The perfect choice if you’re pharmacy is located in the Southeast is HealthCare Consultants Pharmacy Staffing. Our emergency pharmacist staffing service is available 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. HCC maintains one of the largest active pools of emergency pharmacists in the nation, thus allowing us to quickly locate available, qualified and reliable pharmacists in the following states: Florida, Georgia, Texas, North Carolina, South Carolina and Alabama. Our proprietary online system allows us to match your needs with the most qualified candidate to work relief during your emergency. HCC also ensures that all of our emergency pharmacists comply with all HIPAA requirements and maintain professional liability insurance. As always, with HealthCare Consultants Pharmacy Staffing, your satisfaction is guaranteed!

Please also note that HCC can fill all of your emergency relief staffing needs regarding pharmacy technicians (in Florida only). HCC has been the leading provider of qualified, registered, licensed and professional pharmacy technicians (CPhTs) in Florida since 1989. As with emergency pharmacists, satisfaction with our emergency pharmacy technician staffing is guaranteed!

We strongly urge you to be proactive regarding establishing a relation with us now (this way all required paperwork is completed before an emergency situation actually occurs). Then, when you require an emergency relief pharmacist, HCC will be ready to meet your needs so that you can relax and rest easy. Call us now at (800) 642-1652 or take a moment and Contact Us Online and an HCC in-house staffing consultant will contact you as soon as possible to discuss all of your emergency and staffing needs.


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Customized Policy and Procedures

Pharmacy Policies and ProceduresA customized Policy and Procedures (P & P) manual is no longer an option, it is truly a requirement. As we’ve previously discussed, every pharmacy is required to have and maintain a written Policy and Procedures manual on its premises. As noted by the NABP (the National Association of Boards of Pharmacy) each state has their own specified policy requirements, laws and regulations that every pharmacy is required to incorporate into their manuals and update as needed that operates in that particular state. Note that this is also true for the majority of third party PBMs. Perhaps even more importantly, the pharmacy is required to actually implement and follow their policies and procedures and must also be able to show proof through documentation that they are indeed doing this. Another relevant issue that also “comes into play” is the updating required to every P & P manual (whether custom written or not) that the inspectors want to see. Creating your P & P manual is not the end, but an ongoing and never-ending task that must be done in order to maintain your manual to be as up to date as is possible.

Recently while discussing State Board of Pharmacy inspections with a client, the discussion centered on how much the inspection process has changed over the past several decades. Instead of going directly to the pharmacy’s prescription records as was commonly seen in years past, the State Board of Pharmacy inspectors now immediately ask to see the pharmacy’s Policy and Procedure manual. Perhaps taking a good look at two recent events concerning pharmacies that are getting a lot of national media attention will help us all to better understand what this change really means.

Ohio Board of Pharmacy Pursuing Disciplinary Action Against 3 Pharmacists

Earlier last week (on October 17th) The Ohio Board of Pharmacy announced that it will be actively pursuing disciplinary actions against three pharmacists and the Mount Carmel Health System (The Mount Carmel West Hospital in Columbus, Ohio employed the three pharmacists) based on the dispensing of “excessive”amounts of painkillers. Dr. William Husel, the physician who ordered the painkillers for his patients, worked as an intensive care practitioner at The Mount Carmel West Hospital and is currently charged with twenty-five counts of murder.

Two of the pharmacists were cited for verifying unusually large doses of fentanyl, while the third R. Ph. was cited for his “supervisory failures in reference to 28 cases in which nurses overrode controls on automated dispensers in non-emergencies to access drugs ordered by Dr. William Husel for patients who then died”.

Mount Carmel has publicly apologized, terminated over twenty pharmacists, nurses and managers, plus stated that they have thoroughly reviewed and improved their Drug-safety Policies and Procedures. Mount Carmel has additionally agreed to pay over $13 million in settlements to patients’ families so far.

Why this particular case is a great example of a pharmacy’s need for a well written, customized, and up-to-date written P & P manual is the fact that the three pharmacists and Mount Carmel West were cited by the Ohio Board of Pharmacy for their “failure to create or enforce policies that provided for the safe and efficient distribution of drugs in all areas of the institution”. Both the hospital and pharmacists were additionally cited for their “failure to provide appropriate supervision and control of automated dispensing units (which allowed nurses to override controlled substances for non-emergency cases) due to the lack of the appropriate and adequate policies and procedures in place”.

Recent FDA Inspections – FDA 483 Forms and Warning Letters

A tremendous amount of national media attention regarding 503A compounding pharmacies and 503B outsourcing facilities has centered for the past year or more on The FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) taking such unprecedented aggressive actions that were previously non-existent. These actions have included numerous on-site inspections, the issuing of observation based warning letters, instituting recalls, and other various actions such as the issuing of Compounding Risk alerts.

What makes this so relevant is that in our ongoing blog posts discussing all the recent FDA actions including new FDA 483 Forms and Warning Letters, there is always the same “common thread” seen in every one! The meticulously detailed observations documented by the FDA inspectors always centers around one of two issues:
1. The pharmacy or facility simply had no policies and procedures, or the ones that they did have were inadequate.
2. Even if adequate written policies and procedures were in place, there was neither compliance with those in place, and/or a lack of documented accountability that the policies & procedures were being followed or adhered to. This was pointed out over and over in the inspectors detailed observations that are included in each and every Warning Letter that we’ve reviewed so far.

Who Can Create a Customized P & P Manual for You?

Healthcare Consultants Pharmacy Staffing can! Our experienced consultants can help you and your staff develop a new P & P manual and/or customize your existing one. We will also define and document a process that will allow your pharmacy manager to update and modify the manual as required. HCC has over 30+ years of experience in both  Policy and Procedure development, (including Custom 503A and 503B Policies & Procedure manuals) and operational evaluation and can provide your pharmacy team with valuable insights and recommendations.

Healthcare Consultants is a leading national Pharmacy Consulting company offering expertise in all areas of pharmacy consulting. Known nationally as one of the industry leaders in providing a full range of professional pharmacy consultation services to its vast array of clients, HCC is owned and operated by pharmacists. Healthcare Consultants can provide proven expertise and experience in all facets of pharmacy operations, including retail, hospital and all specialty pharmacy venues. Contact us online or call us today for a Free Consultation at 800-642-1652 to discuss how we can help you.

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Recent FDA 483 Actions

recent FDA warningAfter discussing the FDA’s ongoing inspections of compounding pharmacies and cGMP, it seems logical to review some of the latest actions that have recently taken place (including new FDA 483 Forms and Warning Letters). Although the FDA has only published recent Warning Letters that were sent by August 31, 2019 (so any issued in September of 2019 or after have not yet been published on the FDA website), two examples from August of this year are perhaps worth taking a more detailed look at. They help to demonstrate how aggressively the FDA is still currently proceeding with their efforts focused directly on these facility inspections.

Office of Unapproved Drugs and Labeling Compliance Warning Letters

Before taking a closer look at the FDA’s most recent actions, it’s important to note that the 483 Forms and Warning Letters were issued by the FDA’s Office of Unapproved Drugs and Labeling Compliance. Other FDA offices that also issue Warning Letters include:
– Office of Prescription Drug Promotion Letters
– Office of Compliance/Immediate Office
– Office of Manufacturing Quality Letters
– Office of Scientific Investigations Letters
– Office of Drug Security, Integrity and Recalls

Please note that we recommend that you should probably take a much closer look at each of the Warning Letter examples used below when time permits. We’ve included a link for each individual Warning Letter from the FDA’s website. In both of the examples, one can see very quickly that the FDA inspectors were quite thorough in their inspection of the facility and their documentation of their observations. In both examples you are able to get a good look at how specific the FDA is in their requirements to address each individual observation, plus how extremely complicated these requirements actually can be. Comprehensive independent reviews by third parties, risk assessments, and detailed plans to alleviate the facility’s issues as quickly as possible are now the norm instead of the exception.

Action #1 –

On 8/19/2019, Haw Par Healthcare Limited received a Warning Letter delivered via UPS from the FDA’s Office of Unapproved Drugs and Labeling Compliance. The warning letter cited numerous significant violations of current good manufacturing practice (CGMP) regulations for finished pharmaceuticals. The FDA summary basically stated that the facilities’ manufacturing methods and processes did not conform to CGMP. The FDA’s conclusion was that the drug products were therefore considered adulterated as defined in section 501 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act).
Additionally, the FDA stated that a product that Haw Par Healthcare Limited manufactured was misbranded under section 502 of the FD&C Act, and that the “Introduction or delivery for introduction of such products into interstate commerce is prohibited under section 301(a) of the FD&C Act, 21 U.S.C. 331(a)”.

Click here to view the entire warning letter that Haw Par Healthcare Limited received from the FDA:

Action #2 –

On August 22, 2019 Polimeros y Servicios S.A. also received a warning letter from the FDA’s Office of Unapproved Drugs and Labeling Compliance that essentially was almost identical to the warning letter that Haw Par Healthcare Limited had already received a few days prior.

An actual discussion of each noted observation for each individual warning letter would take several hours, but we strongly recommend that you actually take a very close look at at least one of these warning letters to get an accurate idea of of the the detail  and complexity that’s involved. The warning letter that Haw Par Healthcare Limited received was incredibly almost 2,500 words in total!

Click here to view the entire warning letter that Polimeros y Servicios S.A. received from the FDA:

CGMP Consultant Recommended

In both warning letters, the FDA “strongly” recommended that the facility hire a CGMP consultant. As the Warning Letters actually stated: “Based upon the nature of the violations we identified at your firm, we strongly recommend engaging a consultant, qualified as set forth in 21 CFR 211.34, to assist your firm in meeting CGMP requirements”.

It’s important to note that the FDA is clear that the of a consultant does not relieve the facility or operation of the responsibility to comply with CGMP. It is the firm’s Executive Management that is still ultimately responsible for resolving all of the CGMP violations that exist.

Who Can Help You Prepare For the Inevitable FDA Inspection & Your Response?

Once again, these are just two recent examples of the detailed level of observation and documentation that the FDA inspectors are exhibiting. Keep in mind that the FDA will thoroughly review the facility’s response and revisit to see whether or not the operation is doing their utmost to be in compliance.

Take action now and be prepared! In other words, take a look now and don’t wait for the inevitable inspection that is certain to come! The FDA strongly recommends that you undertake a comprehensive assessment of your facility’s current operations, including facility design, procedures, personnel, processes, maintenance, materials, and systems. As the FDA actually states: “A third-party consultant with relevant sterile drug production expertise should assist you in conducting this comprehensive evaluation”. The FDA also points out very clearly that “It is YOUR responsibility to ensure that your firm complies with all requirements of federal law, including FDA regulations”.

Which Third-Party Pharmacy Consulting Firm Can Help Me?

Healthcare Consultants has been known as a national leader in pharmacy consulting for over 30+ years now. Since 1989, our network of experienced pharmacy consultants and in-house specialists have provided expert guidance across all sectors of the pharmacy industry. We work with pharmacies of every size – from the corner drug store to national corporations and organizations – with only one goal in mind: to improve your pharmacy’s business operations.

One of the services that HCC specializes in is the development and customization of both 503A and 503B Policies and Procedures. We have nationally renowned in-house experts and consultants with proven “track records” and successful results in responding to both FDA 483 Forms and Warning Letters.

We urge you to contact us today to see how our Pharmacy Consulting services can fit your needs and help you improve your business now, plus be ready for the future. With a full-time staff of experienced in-house Pharmacy Consulting specialists, HCC can answer any questions that you may have in all Pharmacy settings. Contact us online now or call us today at 800-642-1652 for a free consultation.



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FDA Inspections of Compounding Pharmacies

FDAThe vast majority of compounding pharmacies that are currently operating within the United States are actually state licensed facilities that are classified as such under section 503A of the the United States Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (sometimes referred to as either the FFDCA, FDCA, or FD&C). The FD&C is a group of federal laws that were first enacted by the US Congress in 1938 and granted authority to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to oversee the safety of all foods, drugs and medications, medical devices, plus cosmetics that are sold within the USA. Although initially replacing the previous Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 after more than one-hundred deaths were caused by a sulfanilamide preparation where diethylene glycol was used to dissolve the drug and make a liquid form (sometimes referred to as the “Elixir Sulfanilamide Disaster”), the FD&C has been amended numerous times, most recently the requirements being added regarding bioterrorism preparations.

What Defines a 503a Compounding Pharmacy?

A 503a pharmacy is allowed to compound drugs that are not FDA-approved, are not subject to the requirement that labeling bear adequate directions for use, and are not subject to CGMP requirements, plus are dispensed to a patient only based on the individual patient’s needs (and thus require a valid Rx or prescription). These pharmacies are primarily under the jurisdiction of their domicile State’s Board of Pharmacy (BoP), or equivalent, and held to that individual State’s rules and statutes regarding compounding. Most States have adopted in part or in full the United States Pharmacopeia (USP) published guidelines (chapters 71, 85, 795, 797, and 1116) as their rules regarding compounding. Additionally, chapter 800 has just recently been published and is now being evaluated by every BoP for possible adoption and incorporation.

Is a Compounding Pharmacy’s Adherence Sufficient?

Most pharmacists believe that adherence to State rules, statutes and all applicable USP guidelines is the extent of their regulatory responsibility. They would be wrong!

The FDA has jurisdiction anywhere drug products are prepared, packed, or held regarding “Insanitary Conditions”, which also includes all 503a pharmacies. The FDA has recently been utilizing this narrow provision to gain entry to all 503a pharmacies, often accompanied by local State BoP inspectors, to “evaluate operating conditions currently being demonstrated” by compounding pharmacies. So far they have “observed” the operations of many dozens of 503a’s every year and the numbers, frequency and pace of these inspections are rapidly escalating and increasing. The FDA inspectors will spend several days reviewing and observing the pharmacy’s compounding operations. However, it’s critical to know that the FDA inspectors will evaluate the pharmacy NOT based on either the individual State rules or the USP guidance, but instead on the far more stringent Current Good Manufacturing Practices (cGMP).

What are the Current Good Manufacturing Practices (cGMP)?

The Current Good Manufacturing Practices (cGMP) are the Food and Drug Administration’s formal rules and regulations that basically cover all of the the design, monitoring, control, and maintenance of manufacturing processes and facilities operating in the US. Note that the actual compliance by the facility is regulated by the FDA and are the exact same regulations that all drug manufacturers must follow. When an actual inspection is completed, any concerns by the inspectors and any observed deviations are listed on the FDA form 483 (Observations) and published on the FDA website. Depending on the nature of the observations, pharmacies are then required to submit a corrective action plan and undergo a follow up inspection, usually in about twelve to eighteen months after the initial inspection had taken place. If the observations initially observed are deemed as “Significant”, or the 503a does not adequately respond and produce a viable plan to address the initial observations that were documented, the FDA has several  options available that may result in a Warning Letter, a drug recall, and / or a Consent Decree for the pharmacy found deficient and in violation. Please note that a Consent Decree is also known commonly as the “Death Penalty” for the pharmacy!

How Do I Get Prepared For an FDA Inspection?

An increased tempo of FDA inspections of compounding (503a) pharmacies over the last three years has made understanding and meeting their expectations vitally important for the continued viability and operation of any compounding pharmacy. All Pharmacy managers and owners of compounding pharmacies, especially those compounding “High Risk” medications and / or shipping into other states, must be aware of the likelihood of an unannounced FDA inspection and what they can do to best “get ready” and be prepared for it.

Preparation by a 503a pharmacy for a potential FDA inspection actually must begin with a complete understanding of how an FDA inspector actually evaluates a compounding pharmacy. A guidance document published by the FDA regarding insanitary conditions in compounding facilities can be found here: Another extremely valuable reference is a free newsletter, produced by an HCC affiliated consultant, that documents and evaluates each and every FDA form 483 that’s issued to any 503a or 503b facility. This newsletter analyzes and discusses each observation that the FDA inspector identifies for a particular pharmacy, thus providing the reader with a deeper understanding of what the FDA expectations actually are. The free newsletter can be obtained thru this sign up link: After signing up, you will receive all new newsletters generated via an email.

The next step, once the pharmacy manager is familiar with the actual FDA inspection process and the FDA’s expectations, is to conduct a thorough assessment of the situation that currently exists at the pharmacy: including the business’s physical facility, operations, Policy & Procedures, training, and quality management. Remember, the FDA does not use USP guidance as a reference! The FDA uses cGMP as the gold standard. Becoming conversant in cGMP is now critically important to understanding that these practices are more than just “USP On Steroids”, as is frequently stated.

Who Can Help My Compounding Pharmacy Get Prepared for an FDA Inspection?

Healthcare Consultants (HCC) can provide you with experienced pharmacy consultants that have extensive knowledge of both the USP and the cGMP requirements, as well as the FDA inspection actual expectations. From assessing every single 483 that’s ever been issued to both 503a pharmacies and 503b outsourcing facilities, our material expert consultants are keenly aware of the FDA expectations and know the “routine”, plus will help you to be prepared. They will identify the specific areas of risk for compounding pharmacies such as yours, plus assist your managers in both the corrective action planning that’s required and its implementation, thereby lessening the risk of  possible “observations” by FDA inspectors should they “visit” your pharmacy.

Here at HCC, we recommend this “enhanced” survey for all medium to large sterile compounding pharmacies as a means of minimizing the impact of an unexpected FDA inspection. We personally have seen far too many 503a pharmacies caught by surprise when the FDA showed up in their lobby demanding immediate access to the pharmacy.

Healthcare Consultants (HCC) provides compounding (503a) pharmacies and outsourcing (503b) facilities with scalable and client defined comprehensive assessments. Our expert consultants, experienced pharmacists and cGMP experts, can evaluate the business globally or focused on specific areas such as pharmacy operations, regulatory compliance, workflow, facility suitability, inventory management, financial performance, quality assurance, and risk evaluation.

About HealthCare Consultants

From major hospitals and healthcare systems to individual community pharmacies, HCC has been the nationally renowned pharmacy consultant firm of choice for over 30+ years now. We work with businesses of every size – from the corner drug store to national corporations and organizations – with only one goal in mind: to improve your pharmacy’s business operations. We can assist with expert advice in any area of your pharmacy business or practice.

We urge you to contact us today to see how our Pharmacy Consulting services can help you improve your business now, plus be ready for the future. With a full-time staff of in-house Pharmacy Consultant specialists, HCC can answer any questions that you may have in all pharmacy settings. Contact us online or call us today at 800-642-1652 for a free consultation.

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Pharmacy Security

Pharmacy SecurityPharmacy security has recently been a dominating topic in the news. As everyone already knows, pharmacies have always been a prime target for burglaries, theft, drug diversion and robberies.With an estimated 7,000 pharmacy break-ins occurring annually in the US, this is a possibility and a risk that everyone in our profession must face. Yet sometimes we think that although the possibility exists, this is something that happens frequently, but NOT to us! Plus it’s important to keep in mind a recent statistic that sheds significant light on the matter: pharmacies actually have a 14% probability of being the victim of a burglary, robbery or of an employee drug theft in 2019 and 2020.

The theft of narcotics and drugs from pharmacies initially received a vast amount of media and news coverage way back in 2010 when the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) came forth and declared that prescription drug abuse had reached “epidemic levels” nationally. Following the CDC’s lead, the DEA (US Drug Enforcement Agency) released their findings that in the first decade of the new millennium (2000 through 2010) the number of citizens that were abusing prescription drugs in the United States had nearly doubled (going from an estimated 3.8 million to well over 7 million individuals across the nation). Narcotics led the way with documented theft and diversion occurring at all industry levels, from the manufacturers to the distributors to the pharmacies who all have to deal “head-on” with pharmacy security. Pharmacy burglaries, robberies and break-ins reached new highs every single year since and are continuing still to do so. Adding to the problem is the ever increasing theft and diversion seen by internal pharmacy employees, and one can see easily why perhaps the chances of facing this risk are increasingly becoming more likely than not.

Pharmacy Robberies, Burglaries and Thefts Dominate the News

Recently it seems that all the pharmacy news we read is filled with an increasing number of stories regarding the burglaries and robberies of pharmacies. Every day news stories presented by Google Alerts regarding pharmacy topics are dominated with stories about a pharmacy break-in, burglary, robbery or theft by a pharmacy employee. Some examples include:
– Robber strikes Walgreens pharmacy in Collier County:
In Naples, Florida a man robbed a convenience store and then went into the Walgreens Pharmacy and demanded pills from a pharmacy employee. The suspect fled the scene and there were no reported injuries. He is still at large.
– Media cops probe armed heist at Boro Pharmacy:
In Media, Pennsylvania a suspect robbed the Murray Overhill Pharmacy at gunpoint. The suspect displayed a gun, demanded prescription pain killers and then fled with an undetermined amount of narcotics.
– Thieves Steal Unknown Amount of Pharmaceuticals from Huntington Beach Pharmacy:
In Huntington Beach, California  two thieves broke into the Bella Terra Pharmacy and stole an unspecified amount of pharmaceuticals. According to police, two men entered the pharmacy by prying open the back door. A detailed description of the thieves and of what was stolen was not immediately available.
– Pharmacy tech pleads guilty to fraud in obtaining pain medicine:
In Dothan, Alabama a former pharmacy technician at Lyster Army Health Clinic Pharmacy at Fort Rucker pleaded guilty to the diversion of narcotics by fraudulently obtaining controlled pain medications and other drugs while being employed by the pharmacy.

The Estimated Costs are Staggering

The costs associated with pharmacy burglaries, robberies, break-ins and employee drug diversion are staggering. The DEA alone estimates that over 50% of its annual budget is spent on prescription narcotics. The costs associated with the prevention and security for pharmacies alone is estimated at over a billion dollars annually. This includes insurance premiums, on-site physical security equipment such as cameras and monitoring systems, employee education, drug take-back programs and the increased reporting that’s required, plus generating and storing all of the documentation and paperwork that’s required by the DEA, State Boards of Pharmacy, suppliers and insurance companies. Perhaps the most important costs are the intangible feelings of violation, vulnerability, trauma and fear that often occurs to a pharmacist or pharmacy employee following an armed robbery.

Prevention and Being Prepared are the Solutions

Although there are no ways to totally ensure that a robbery, burglary or theft by an employee never happens at your pharmacy, there are certain steps that every pharmacy owner should consider taking:
1. It’s imperative that you have your Policies and Procedures Manual in place for employees to know what to do. Plus make sure that every employee has read it and understands what is expected of them if such a situation does occur (and be sure to document this!).
2. Update and improve your current alarm system and implement new surveillance and monitoring systems. Additionally, consider installing a narcotic safe in your pharmacy.
3. Educate and train your employees and staff. Encourage them to be aware, alert and to know what’s happening in the local area. Studies have proven that employee “awareness” is the greatest deterrent available to a pharmacy operation, and the results are that the robbers, thieves, shoplifters and burglars will choose to simply go elsewhere where the security is more lax and the employees less likely to be prepared.

What Security Does Your Pharmacy Lack or Need?

Are both you and your pharmacy staff prepared to deal with security problems, flaws and issues like these? As stated earlier, no-one thinks that these situations will happen to their pharmacy business, but these are real-life examples of the old cliche “an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure” being applicable. Do you have Customized Policies and Procedures written specifically for your business and employees to act on if such a crisis arises? Do you have the inventory policies in place to help determine what was taken during a burglary? Do you have ongoing training in place to help your employees in these situations that will also minimize your possible potential liabilities? If the answers are no, then contact HCC Pharmacy Staffing to see how we can help you.

About Healthcare Consultants

Healthcare Consultants is a nationally renowned full service Pharmacy staffing and consulting firm that has been in business for over 30+ years now. HCC has been helping pharmacies plan, prepare and deal with such crisis situations since being founded in 1989. Just a few examples of our services include:

Development of Policies and Procedures
– Employee Crisis Training
– Inventory Management
Pharmacy Business Performance and Efficiency
Pharmacy Management Consultation
Pharmacy Inspection and Audit Preparation and Response

Although everyone truly hopes that they will never have to deal with such horrific and potentially dangerous situations at their drugstore or pharmacy operation, HCC strongly urges you to be prepared. Don’t wait until your pharmacy is the one in the News reports and leaving you regretting that you hadn’t done enough in the security area. Known nationally as one of the industry leaders in providing a full range of professional pharmacy consultation services to its vast array of clients, HCC is owned and operated by pharmacists. Healthcare Consultants can provide proven expertise and experience in all facets of pharmacy operations, including retail, hospital and all specialty pharmacy venues. Contact us online now or call us today for a Free Consultation at 800-642-1652 to discuss how we can help your  business run more efficiently and profitably.

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Pharmacy Audits

Pharmacy AuditsOver a year ago a pharmacy audit in Colorado resulted in a payment of almost $64 million in a settlement by DaVita, Inc. DaVita is known for being a major provider in the dialysis field and in the treatment of patients with severe and chronic renal diseases. The company additionally owns a division that supplies numerous pharmaceuticals to both patients and providers. Following an audit of their pharmacy division, DaVita was accused of numerous billing improprieties in regards to several federal government health care programs. The pharmacy division also was cited for paying what are considered illegal financial inducements to DaVita’s patients. As reported then by the Kansas City Star, the United States Justice Department accepted a settlement of $63,700,000 from the company after the pharmacy division’s audits resulted in the criminal activities coming to their attention.

DaVita’s pharmacy division was alleged to have billed Medicaid, Medicare and several other federal programs for prescriptions and drugs that never actually were dispensed or delivered to any patients. Additionally, they were cited for billing improprieties regarding medications that were returned unused and also  for prescriptions that didn’t satisfy program requirements. DaVita also was cited for its pharmacy being in violation of federal “anti-kickback” laws for paying illegal financial incitements to patients.

New DEA Audit Data From a Tennessee Pharmacy

Just a few days ago the Wall Street Journal (WSJ) announced that the US Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) has released their audit data that was collected during an agency audit of a grocery store pharmacy located in Knoxville, Tennessee. According to the Wall Street Journal article just released on September 19th of 2019, the Food City Pharmacy purchased almost a million tablets OxyContin in 2008 alone. This is the third-largest annual amount of OxyContin purchased anywhere in the entire United States. It’s interesting to note that the DEA’s audit data was actually obtained by the NY Times from the lawyers that were representing several local municipalities in their lawsuits against Purdue Pharma and several other pharmaceutical “players” in allegedly maintaining the supply of opioids that has lead to the CDC’s declaration of the opioid crisis in the USA.

Residents and business owners located near the Food City Pharmacy had actually started to complain to the local police and authorities all the way back in July of 2008. The focus of the local residents’ complaint was that the drugstore’s parking lot was actually a center for drug dealers and crime ever since the store had began to fill prescriptions for a nearby pain clinic. The story even appeared in a local newspaper article.

Finally in 2016, the grocery store pharmacy was cited from the DEA audit by the Tennessee State Board of Pharmacy for the dispensing of opioids “in a manner inconsistent with Tennessee’s laws and regulations, including the dispensing of Opioids to patients who’d driven long distances to get to the pharmacy, accepting postdated prescriptions, and failing to check the state Rx and prescription monitoring database before actually dispensing any controlled substances”.

Be Prepared For A Pharmacy Audit

In the first case cited above, DaVita’s management team admitted to ignorance in regards to the practices that the audit of the pharmacy division revealed. Yet according to the US Department of Justice, DaVita was “guilty as charged and responsible for the actions of all of their employees and staff”. Don’t let this happen to you.

In the second case cited above regarding the DEA audit performed on the Tennessee grocery store pharmacy, it’s pretty easy to see that a pharmacy audit by the DEA that took place “all the way back” in 2008 can still be making headlines almost eleven (11) years afterwards.

Pharmacy audits are being seen more frequently than ever before and many experts state that it’s a safe assumption that your pharmacy will be audited every two years at a minimum. In today’s world of Big Data and Social Media, an audit that reveals improprieties in your pharmacy is public information and can literally cost you tens of thousands of dollars, even if you are able to combat any allegations that are made and prove your innocence. The bad publicity alone that we have seen many pharmacies experience leads to both the loss of customers and revenue that could easily have been avoided. The key to avoiding a bad inspection or audit? Get prepared NOW!

Types Of Pharmacy Audits

Pharmacy compliance audits assess a pharmacy’s level of compliance in regards to procedures stipulated by regulatory or contractual arrangements. Basically pharmacy compliance audits can be placed into two categories:

  1. Third Party Provider Audits – A pharmacy that operates as a contract provider of prescription services for a third party is subject to a clause in its provider agreement that allows an audit of the pharmacy’s prescription records. This is inclusive of “hard” copy Rx’es, patient signature logs, computerized records of refills, plus all of the pharmacy’s invoicing records.
  2. Regulatory Agency Audits – Pharmacies are subject to audits by both state or federal licensing agencies such as their geographical State Board of Pharmacy and federal agencies such as the FDA and DEA.

Be Proactive and Get Prepared Now

HCC’s is a nationally renowned Pharmacy Consulting firm that has been helping pharmacy owners be prepared for audits since 1989. With 30+ years in the business, our in-house consultants have the experience required to assess your business and make recommendations in regards to any improprieties in your pharmacy operations. Our regulatory experts can perform mock inspections and identify areas of potential violations, weaknesses and concern. Our consultants will, upon completion of the audit, prepare both a Gap Analysis and a Corrective Actions Plan and then discuss these in detail with you and your team. If significant issues are found, our consultants are available to assist in the implementation of the corrective actions and perform a re-inspection to confirm compliance has been achieved. HCC will also make sure that your pharmacy’s Policies and Procedures are current and up to date as required by all inspectors.

Our experts are also available to review your prescription filling and billing processes to identify areas that may put you at risk of a payer audit and recoupment demands. HCC’s consultants will work with you and your team to correct areas of concern and develop risk mitigation strategies to prepare your pharmacy for the unexpected, but inevitable, audit.

Don’t wait until you get the audit notice or find the auditor at your doors. Known nationally as one of the industry leaders in providing a full range of professional pharmacy consultation services to its vast array of clients, HCC is owned and operated by pharmacists. Healthcare Consultants can provide proven expertise and experience in all facets of pharmacy operations, including retail, hospital and all specialty pharmacy venues. Contact us online or call us today for a Free Consultation at 800-642-1652 to discuss how we can help you.

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Pharmacy Business Plans

Pharmacy Business Plan Review ServicesAny new business venture, whether it may be the actual startup of an entirely new pharmacy operation, or simply the addition of a new service line to an already existing business, must begin with a well thought-out business plan. The plan is best developed through a process of careful and thorough consideration of the business’s potential strengths, weaknesses and chances of successfully capturing enough market share to sustain both growth and profitability. To get the most optimal operating results from the very start, plus generate the largest possible return from their investment, the business plan requires both time and effort from the pharmacy owner, who must answer numerous detailed and sometimes difficult questions that will ultimately “frame” the viability and feasibility of the plan. The business plan serves not only as an assessment of the new venture’s feasibility, but additionally serves as both an accounting of the various resources that may be required for the success of the new startup or expansion, and as a tool for measuring the progress along the way. Basically, the business plan is your road map on how best to quickly and efficiently achieve your business’s objectives and ultimately attain your goals.

How Do I Develop My Business Plan?

When initially starting out and “mapping out” your business plan, you must first describe who you are and exactly what it is that you plan on doing. As part of this initial step, the owner should also specify exactly what their business’s USP is (Unique Selling Proposition). In other words, what exactly does your business offer to potential customers that differs from your competition and sets your business apart from the rest of your competitors, resulting in both an increased volume of business, plus ensure customer loyalty and satisfaction.

The next step of the business plan “development process” requires that the owner both identify and quantify several sectors of the local business environment currently existing in each of the possible physical locations that are under consideration for “housing” the business. Some examples of the specific questions that every business owner should be asking include:

  • Who are my potential customers and exactly who is my “Target Audience“?
  • Did I properly assess the proposed location to determine if it’s the very best possible location that’s available?
  • Where do my new customers and clients actually originate? Some examples may include individuals who live &/or work in the local community, referrals, health plans, partnerships, etc. (to list just a few of the numerous possible sources of new customers available to a new business startup).
  • Where are your potential new customers currently receiving their care, services and products from?
  • Who are my competitors and which ones  are more successful than the others? Why are they seeing more success and what exactly are they doing or offering that’s different from the rest of your competition?
  • What advantages do my competitors have (services, pricing, convenience, etc.) that I must meet or beat?
  • What advantages do I have that perhaps my competitors don’t possess or currently know about?
  • What are the potential barriers to “market entry” that may be encountered?Restricted payer plans, access to referral sources, affiliations with hospitals or clinics, represent just a few of the potential barriers that your new venture may be facing.
  • How will I encourage my competitor’s customers to switch over to my business?  (marketing plan)?For those who have ever participated in a SWOT analysis in the past, the process will resemble that exercise and result in a similar outcome. The goal of both strategic planning techniques is to help a business owner or an organization to identifying their existing Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats (hence SWOT) that are relevant to their business.

Once the business owner thoroughly describes and/or defines the local market and customer profile, a financial assessment is then necessary to project the total anticipated amount of money that will be required in order to achieve the initiation or launch of the plan. Both the optimistic and the pessimistic projections that are received should be thoroughly assessed to determine the financial reserves that are necessary to have on hand (or have access to) in case there’s any deviation from the anticipated performance, projections and/or initial estimates. A comprehensive financial assessment will also provide the business owner with a realistic view of the viability of the plan, the resources needed, plus provide the metrics to measure the business’s performance by.

A summary of the plan and findings is the last step of the process. This summary provides the pharmacy owner with a detailed timeline, including both expenditures (both those already encountered and those still anticipated) and the  dates of the major milestones or event completion dates that can be expected during a pharmacy startup or expansion project. HCC can also present you with details regarding possible exit strategies that may be available to you when you are ready, plus help you to define your future plan for the business.

What are the Basic Considerations for a Pharmacy Startup?

The basic considerations that you will need to focus your attention on when planning to start up a new pharmacy business or expanding your existing pharmacy operation by adding new service lines are listed below. They’re broken down into three (3) categories: Startup Costs, Operating Costs and Cash Flow.

Start Up Costs –
– Facility build out or renovations
– New equipment
– Personnel
– Inventory
– Licensing
– Permitting
– Accreditation

Operating Costs –
– Monthly recurring overhead costs
– Staff salaries and benefits
– Marketing
– Professional fees (legal, consulting, accounting, etc.)

Cash Flow –
– Projected revenue growth – includes both dispensing related and service related revenues (examples include MTM, vaccinations, etc.)
– Inventory levels versus availability – this includes the actual costs of maintaining an inventory of legend drugs, over-the-counters (OTC) goods and numerous other patient supplies
– Anticipated margins
– Costs of providing Outstanding Customer Service – this may include ongoing education for your staff, Rx deliveries, special packaging, plus the time for providing patient counseling and other clinical services
– Anticipated Fees – credit card processing, RX switch fees, anticipated DIR fees, etc.
– Projected or anticipated Break Even (BE) Point
– Total spend (start up plus cumulative burn rate) until BE Point

Although the development of a business plan requires significant time and effort, it’s a MUST DO for starting up any new business! It basically provides the “road map” to be followed in preparing for a successful launch of the business and for measuring the operation’s progress over time. If the business owner is seeking external funding such as banks, investors or partners, then a polished business plan is an absolute must!

Who Can Help With My Business Plan?

Healthcare Consultants has assisted scores of pharmacy business owners and managers like yourself in the planning and assessment of both new or expanded business opportunities. We have in-house experienced specialists and experts in all facets of pharmacy operations – retail, small chain, compounding, mail order, specialty, LTC, hospital, ACO, 340B, etc. – that can provide you with all the relevant details on a “granular level” that you need to be successful. We help our clients to “drill down” into the plan’s key aspects to help them get a better understanding of how to achieve their goals, maximize their ROI (return on investment) and reduce unwarranted expenditures during the implementation of the plan’s. In short, both our experience and expertise allows us to provide our clients meaningful insights and industry metrics, resulting in a more realistic and refined business plan.

If you are considering starting a new pharmacy or simply expanding with an additional service line, contact HCC online now or call us today at 800-642-1652 to discuss how we can assist you in both the planning and the implementation that are necessary in meeting your objectives and attaining your goals.

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Opening a Successful New Pharmacy Business – What You Need To Know

New Pharmacy ConsultationStarting up and opening a new pharmacy business is really not that much different from starting up any other type of retail operation or business enterprise. Aside from the regulations and laws inherently involved in a new pharmacy startup being planned, built and opened, the basic business startup principles still all apply. Having opened up hundreds of new pharmacies here at Healthcare Consultants, let’s discuss some of the general retail business guidelines that any entrepreneur MUST consider to be the very basics for your investment to become both a successful and profitable endeavor.

On average the owner of an independent retail community pharmacy makes an estimated two-hundred and fifty thousand dollars annually (~ $247,000). Keeping in mind that the independent community pharmacies still hold roughly a thirty percent (30%) share of the overall retail prescription market, one can easily see why so many new drugstores are constantly being opened up. Yet the entrepreneur must also take into consideration the most recent reports from the National Community Pharmacists Association (NCPA). The NCPA reported that there’s actually been approximately a ten percent (10%) decline since 2001 in the total number of independent pharmacies that are operating in the United States. According to the NCPA statistics released, there are currently an estimated 22,000 independent community pharmacies versus the 25,000 retail independents operating nationally in 2001. The point is, that while starting up a new pharmacy business can be very rewarding financially, like any other retail business it must be properly planned and executed correctly to wind up as a profitable business investment and venture in the end.

Start With a Written Business Plan

Any successful entrepreneur will tell you that a written business plan is the key to success when starting up a new business of any kind. Basically, your business plan should contain your business goals, the reasons that they are achievable and a detailed plan for reaching them within a certain time-frame. Most entrepreneurs look at a business as they would a map. Would you set out driving a long distance without a map or knowing the fastest and safest route to get to your ultimate destination? Of course not. The same is true for starting up a new pharmacy – outline the fastest and safest route to achieving a profitable,stable and well run pharmacy operation. Keep in mind that, like the example of the map we used, your business plan must be flexible and allow for changes and contingencies. As with driving, the roads may be under construction or blocked, so sometimes even the best laid plan needs some ongoing adjustments or modifications made to it. The same holds true with a new pharmacy start-up. Being flexible and prepared to make business adjustments or changes when certain conditions call for them is the key to achieving a profitable venture in the end. I think that most can agree on the fact that no businesses change as fast and as consistently as is seen in the pharmacy profession. Additionally, a solid business plan can greatly assist you in obtaining the support and funding from banks and other lenders that may be required to meet your goals and objectives.

Is a Pharmacy’s Location a Critical Consideration?

As with any retail business, the three most important factors that will need your consideration are: location, location and location! It is imperative that you first determine who your target market and audience is, and then select a location where they frequently shop for goods and services. Your new pharmacy startup may offer customers the very best of everything – great service, low prices, excellent product selection – but if your target market doesn’t frequent the location that you’ve chosen,  you will likely not be open for very long.

Most entrepreneurs view choosing their business’s retail location as they would fishing. To be successful while fishing you must throw your line and bait where the fish are. There’s no use fishing where the type of fish you’re trying to catch don’t swim and eat! The best fishermen put in the time and energy to research the best fishing spots. The same holds true for determining where to start your new pharmacy. Intensive research should be performed before choosing your pharmacy’s location. Economic data such as average family income in a specific zip-code or neighborhood is readily available these days. You may want to consider hiring a professional market research firm to provide you accurate data before you select a location. Additionally, look for retail outlets that are already thriving with business and shoppers. You may have to pay a higher rent, but the rewards and results will be worth it.

Design – Both the Outside and the Inside

Design of both the inside and outside of your new pharmacy can be a major key in the business becoming a successful venture. In order to determine what would be the best possible presentation and appeal for prospective customers, think about forming what the large advertising agencies and marketing companies refer to as “marketing focus groups” before making up your mind. Try and remember that you are not your own target audience and that it’s extremely hard to be objective about your own business. Consider hiring a professional store designer and then enlisting a sampling of people that represent your ideal customer base. You may be shocked to find out that what you had in mind may not be in alignment with the feedback you may receive. So be open minded and remember that becoming a profitable business is your goal, not satisfying your ego!

How Much Money Does It Take To Start a Pharmacy?

Your answer to this “dangerous” question will become much clearer after your business plan is written and finalized. Obviously, you will need to include all of the potential and possible initial startup costs, plus take into consideration such ongoing costs as staffing (if necessary) and marketing. Additionally, a brand new pharmacy takes time to start generating any profit, so a realistic operating budget is a must. Acquiring a credit line and researching how best to obtain additional funding should you need it are both highly suggested steps to execute at the very beginning of the start-up process.

Should Your Marketing Begin Before You’re Open For Business?

Don’t make the mistake of waiting until your pharmacy is ready to open up to initiate your marketing! Have your website and Google Business Listing already completed and fine tuned before you actually fill your first prescription. Explore the use of direct mail and social media prior to the “Grand Opening” to create a buzz. Additionally, consider some form of an initial promotion to get those curious shoppers to stop by and hopefully become customers of your business. We have seen some owners of new pharmacies experimenting and trying various different offers, but the “time tested” promotion that often times is seen to work the best is to offer a major incentive for each prescription that is transferred into your pharmacy by your customers.

Enlist the Experts!

You may have already talked with an attorney or accountant, BUT the most important expert of all is a seasoned Pharmacy Consultant on your team. Healthcare Consultants is known as the leader in helping pharmacy owners plan, purchase, setup and staff their pharmacies nationwide. Having opened hundreds of new pharmacies and pharmacy startups, HCC will ensure that all aspects of the business are covered and done right the first time.

If you are truly considering starting up a new pharmacy business, we strongly urge you to get in touch with us today for a free consultation. We offer you the support of an experienced staff who have been through the process numerous times and know the business inside and out!  With over 30+ years of experience, Healthcare Consultants Pharmacy Staffing has helped hundreds of business owners (both pharmacists and non-pharmacists alike) establish successful businesses over the years.  Contact us now online or call us today at (800) 642-1652 to discuss how we can help you.


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340B Pharmacy Consulting

340b pharmacyManagement of an in-house 340B pharmacy by a hospital is often times more complex and complicated than the hospital’s administrators may had initially anticipated. On the “surface” a hospital or healthcare system administrator can easily see the potential profitability that the specialty pharmacy can generate for them. Ever since the creation of the federal 340B Drug Discount Program in 1992, the program has been seen as the primary catalyst for the rapid growth and expansion of specialty pharmacies in hospitals and healthcare system facilities that’s been occurring over the past decade or two.

The 340B Program was actually a section of the Public Health Service Act (PHSA) that was signed into law by then President George Bush and was intended by the HRSA (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration) to allow covered entities to “stretch scarce federal resources as far as possible, reaching more eligible patients and providing more comprehensive services.” The new program was aimed at both maintaining the levels of services provided to patients, while at the same time lowering the patient’s medication costs.

340B Hospital Pharmacy Medication Management Review – Case Study

Recently Healthcare Consultants was hired for our nationally renowned Pharmacy Consulting Services by a hospital located in the Northeastern US that’s a part of a large community healthcare system with multiple locations. Initially engaged by the hospital’s administration to perform reviews of the facility’s medication security and accountability (with a focus on CS), we were additionally tasked with identifying any other areas of risk exposure that currently existed (or could potentially arise sometime in the foreseeable future).

The Medication Management Review that HCC performed identified several existing areas of risk that were present at the hospital:
– Significant gaps were identified in the controlled substance monitoring program in place.
– Ineffective Medicaid billing practices were in place.
– Poor data management within the 340B system was seen, leading to a large potential for inaccurate billing.
– A high potential for diversion existed (ineligible prescription dispensing).
– The potential of medication use that is outside of the scope of the 340B program existed.
– An increased risk of potential regulatory actions and recoupment demands (potentially in the millions of dollars).
– Pharmacy management concerns were identified and documented.
– Poor communication (both vertically and horizontally) with the hospital’s senior leadership team was identified (as relating to increased pharmacy risks being present).
– A lack of transparency within the pharmacy department was documented, enabling the operation’s staff to practice “siloing” and isolate from one another.
– Inadequate forecasting and planning processes were in place.
– No accountability system in place that would allow the hospital’s administrators the ability to measure their pharmacy’s performance.

The outcome of our findings and report resulted in several key middle and senior management changes, a complete recasting of their 340B program management, a thorough review of their billing procedures, plus a complete pharmacy department “overhaul” under a brand new leadership team. Healthcare Consultants additionally has provided the hospital with both ongoing support and guidance in several key areas afterwards.

Summary of this 340B Case Study

For entities that are currently considering adding a 340B program (or expanding their existing 340B program), proper attention must be given to the structure, scope, and data management that’s required. Inattention at any point of your planning process in any of these areas can easily lead to improper program utilization, which can potentially result in some extremely large recoupment demands being made following an audit. Paybacks in the range of several hundreds of thousands to even several millions of dollars are not unusual. HCC has health system pharmacy experts and 340B program experts that can help you to identify your hospital’s areas of risk exposure and provide remedial solutions to better protect a healthcare system from adverse regulatory and payer outcomes.

About HealthCare Consultants

From major hospitals and healthcare systems to individual community pharmacies, HCC has been the nationally renowned pharmacy consulting firm of choice for over 30+ years now. We work with businesses of every size – from the corner drug store to national corporations and organizations – with our primary goals being: improve your business’s operations and help increase your company’s profitability. We can help assist you with expert advice in any area of your pharmacy business or practice.

We urge you to contact us today to see how our Pharmacy Consulting services can help you improve your business now, plus be ready for the future. With a full-time staff of in-house Pharmacy Consultant specialists, HCC can answer any questions that you may have in all pharmacy settings. Contact us online or call us today at 800-642-1652 for a free consultation.


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